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Last updated : Nov 2009
Egypt Business
Egypt Business Overview - TravelPuppy.com

Economy

On taking power during 1952, President Nasser quickly introduced a Soviet-style command economy that was closed to Western investment. After Nasser’s death, Anwar Sadat, his successor, progressively dismantled the existing system in favour of a policy of infitah (openness) regarding investment. Egypt’s economy experienced rapid growth in the 1970's with the swift expansion of tourism, the oil industry and the Suez Canal.

Throughout the 1990's, stern fiscal policies, agreed with the IMF and World Bank, and additional market-oriented measures brought the economy in Egypt to its current condition.

In mid-2004, inflation was approximately 14%, annual growth had decreased to 3% and official unemployment was 10% (although there is considerable under-employment).

Egypt’s major industries are fertilisers, textiles, cement and rubber products. Many vehicle-assembly plants and steel production works are also part of Egypt's industries.

The main crops are sugar, wheat, cotton, rice, maize and a range of vegetables and fruit. Egypt’s major trading partners are the United States of America and the major EU economies (Italy and Germany).

Expansion of the tourist sector was hampered briefly by the activities of Islamic fundamentalists. Irrigation from the River Nile is relied on by Egypt's Agriculture, which employs one 3rd of the working population in Egypt. Foreign aid is a significant source of government funds.

Commercial Information

The following organisations can offer advice:

Egyptian-British Chamber of Commerce - United Kingdom
PO Box 4EG,
4th Floor,
299 Oxford Street,
London
W1A 4EG,
UK

Telephone number: (020) 7499 3100
Fax number: (020) 7499 1070
e-mail: info@theebcc.com
website: www.theebcc.com

Federation of Egyptian Chambers of Commerce - Egypt
4 Midan el-Falaky Square,
Cairo

Telephone number: (2) 795 1136
Fax number: (2) 795 7940)