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Last updated : Nov 2009
Egypt General Info
Egypt General Information - TravelPuppy.com
Capital

Cairo (El Qahira)

Area

1,002,000 square kilometres (386,874 square miles)

Population of Egypt

67,886,000 (official estimate 2001)

Population of Cairo

7,388,000 (official estimate 2002).

Population Density

67.8 people per square kilometres.

Geography

Egypt is bordered to the north by the Mediterranean, to the west by Libya, to the south by Sudan, and to the east by the Red Sea and Israel. The River Nile divides the country unevenly in 2, while the Suez Canal provides a 3rd division with the Sinai Peninsula.

Beyond the highly cultivated Nile Valley and Delta, a flourishing green tadpole of land that holds more than 90% of the population, the landscape is primarily flat desert and devoid of vegetation apart from the few oases that have persisted in the once fertile depressions of the Western Desert. Narrow strips are inhabited to the Mediterranean coast and on the African Red Sea coast. The coast south of Suez has many fine beaches and the coral reefs just offshore attract several divers. The High Dam at Aswan now controls the annual floods that once put much of the Nile Valley under the water and also provides electricity.

Government

Republic.

Head of State: President Muhammad Hosni Mubarak since 1981

Head of Government: Ahmed Nazif since 2004 

Language

Arabic is the official language of egypt. French and English are also widely spoken.

Religion

According to the 1986 census, over 94% of the population follows Islam, the majority of the rest is Christian. All types of Christianity are represented, especially the Coptic Christian Church and there is also a small Jewish minority.

Time

Greenich Mean Time + 2 (GMT + 3 from May to September).

Electricity

Most areas 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Certain rural parts still use 110 to 380 volts AC.
Useful travel links
CIA World Factbook-UK information on the geography, people
Help for world travellers electric power guide, mobile phone systems