A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required
from travellers over 1 year of age coming from infected areas. Those
arriving in transit from such areas without a certificate will be
held at the airport until onward flight departs. The following areas
and countries are considered by the Egyptian health authorities
as being infected with yellow fever:
• all countries in mainland Africa south of the Sahara with
the exception of Lesotho, Mozambique, Mauritania, Namibia, Swaziland,
South Africa and Zimbabwe (and including Chad, Mali and Niger)
• Sudan south of 15°N (position certificate issued by
a Sudanese official is required in order to be exempt from vaccination
certificate), São Tomé e Principe.
• Also includes Brazil, Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica,
French Guiana, Ecuador, Panama, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad
& Tobago and Venezuela.
2. Following WHO guidelines issued in 1973, a cholera
vaccination certificate is no longer a requirement of entry to Egypt.
However, sporadic cases of cholera have been reported and precautions
should be considered. Current advice should be sought before deciding
whether these precautions should include vaccination as medical
opinion is divided over its effectiveness.
3. Vaccination against typhoid and polio is recommended.
malaria risk, in the malignant falciparum and benign vivax forms,
exists June to October in the El Faiyoum area and there is no risk
in Cairo or Alexandria at any time.
Mains water is generally chlorinated and, whilst relatively safe,
may cause some mild abdominal upsets. Bottled water
is available and is advised for the 1st few weeks of the stay.
Milk is unpasteurised in Egypt, and should be boiled.
Tinned or powdered milk is available and is advised, but make sure
that it is reconstituted with pure water. Avoid dairy products which
are likely to have been made from unboiled milk.
Only eat well cooked fish and meat,
preferably served hot. Pork, mayonnaise and salad may carry an increased
risk. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit should
be peeled. Drinking water outside major cities
and towns carries a greater risk and should always be sterilised.
Precautions against diphtheria and hepatitis A and E should be considered.
Immunisation against hepatitis B is sometimes recommended.
Dengue fever arises in epidemics. Bilharzia (schistosomiasis) is
present in the Nile Valley and the Nile Delta.
Avoid swimming and paddling in fresh water, swimming pools which
are well maintained and chlorinated are safe. Filariasis
may arise in the Nile Delta. There may be a risk of scorpions
and snakes in certain areas. Sandstorms
are also a danger in some parts.
is present and for those at high risk, vaccination before arrival
should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice without
Public hospitals and chemists are open to tourists and visitors
and Health insurance is strongly recommended.
|Useful travel links
|| official site of the US Centers for Disease
||the Medical Advisory Services
||all about jet lag. What is it who gets it
||the official site of the World Health Organization