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Last updated : Nov 2009
Egypt Health
Egypt Health - TravelPuppy.com
  Special Precautions Certificate Required
Yellow Fever No 1
Cholera Yes 2
Typhoid and Polio 3 N/A
Malaria 4 N/A
1. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age coming from infected areas. Those arriving in transit from such areas without a certificate will be held at the airport until onward flight departs. The following areas and countries are considered by the Egyptian health authorities as being infected with yellow fever:

• all countries in mainland Africa south of the Sahara with the exception of Lesotho, Mozambique, Mauritania, Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa and Zimbabwe (and including Chad, Mali and Niger)
• Sudan south of 15°N (position certificate issued by a Sudanese official is required in order to be exempt from vaccination certificate), São Tomé e Principe.
• Also includes Brazil, Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Ecuador, Panama, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago and Venezuela.

2. Following WHO guidelines issued in 1973, a cholera vaccination certificate is no longer a requirement of entry to Egypt. However, sporadic cases of cholera have been reported and precautions should be considered. Current advice should be sought before deciding whether these precautions should include vaccination as medical opinion is divided over its effectiveness.

3. Vaccination against typhoid and polio is recommended.

4. Limited malaria risk, in the malignant falciparum and benign vivax forms, exists June to October in the El Faiyoum area and there is no risk in Cairo or Alexandria at any time.

Food & drink

Mains water is generally chlorinated and, whilst relatively safe, may cause some mild abdominal upsets. Bottled water is available and is advised for the 1st few weeks of the stay.

Milk is unpasteurised in Egypt, and should be boiled. Tinned or powdered milk is available and is advised, but make sure that it is reconstituted with pure water. Avoid dairy products which are likely to have been made from unboiled milk.

Only eat well cooked fish and meat, preferably served hot. Pork, mayonnaise and salad may carry an increased risk. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit should be peeled. Drinking water outside major cities and towns carries a greater risk and should always be sterilised.

Other risks

Precautions against diphtheria and hepatitis A and E should be considered. Immunisation against hepatitis B is sometimes recommended.

Dengue fever arises in epidemics. Bilharzia (schistosomiasis) is present in the Nile Valley and the Nile Delta.

Avoid swimming and paddling in fresh water, swimming pools which are well maintained and chlorinated are safe. Filariasis may arise in the Nile Delta. There may be a risk of scorpions and snakes in certain areas. Sandstorms are also a danger in some parts.

Rabies is present and for those at high risk, vaccination before arrival should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice without delay.

Health care

Public hospitals and chemists are open to tourists and visitors and Health insurance is strongly recommended.
Useful travel links
CDC official site of the US Centers for Disease Control
MASTA the Medical Advisory Services for Travellers
No jet lag all about jet lag. What is it who gets it
SOS international SOS
WHO the official site of the World Health Organization