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Last updated : Nov 2009
Cambodia Health
Cambodia Health - TravelPuppy.com
  Special Precautions Certificate Required
Yellow Fever No 1
Cholera Yes 2
Typhoid and Polio 3 N/A
Malaria 4 N/A
 
1) Proof of a yellow fever vaccination certificate is required by travellers arriving from infected areas.

2) The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines issued in 1973, established that a cholera vaccination certificate is no longer a condition of entry to Cambodia. However, cholera still presents a serious risk in this country and precautions are essential. Cholera outbreaks occur occasionally. Expert medical advice should be sought before deciding whether these precautions should include vaccination as medical opinion is divided over its effectiveness. Refer to the Health appendix for further information.

3) Immunisation against typhoid fever is recommended. Polio vaccination should be current.

4) The risk of contracting malaria exists all year outside the capital. The malignant falciparum strain predominates and is highly resistant to chloroquine. Resistance to mefloquine has been reported from the western provinces. Consult your health expert.

Food and drink

All water should be regarded as contaminated. Water for drinking, making ice or brushing teeth should first be boiled or sterilised. Milk is usually unpasteurised and must be boiled. Powdered or canned milk is available, but must be sure that it is reconstituted with pure water. Avoid dairy products that have been made from un boiled milk. Only eat well-cooked fish, pork and meat, preferably served hot. Salads and mayonnaise may carry increased risks. Fruits should be peeled and vegetables cooked.

Other health risks

Bilharzia (schistosomiasis) is present. Avoid swimming and paddling in fresh water. Swimming pools which are well chlorinated and maintained are considered safe.

Dysentery, typhoid fever, giardiasis and dengue fever are common throughout Cambodia.

Hepatitis A is also common and hepatitis B is hyper endemic.

Japanese encephalitis usually occurs in the rural areas from the months of May to October and is also common in the highlands.

Rabies. For those at high risk a vaccination before arrival to Cambodia should be considered. If you are bitten, seek immediate medical advice. For more information consult the Health appendix.

Health Insurance

Doctors and hospitals expect cash payments for any type of treatment. Health insurance, including emergency evacuation insurance, is absolutely essential.
Useful travel links
Institute of Health information on health in Cambodia
No jet lag all about jet lag. What is it who gets it
WHO the official site of the World Health Organization