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China General Info
China General Information - TravelPuppy.com
Area

9,571,300 square kilometres (3,695,500 square miles).

Population

1,265,830,000 (2000). Approximately 1/4 of the world’s population lives in China.

Population Density

132.3 per square kilometre.

Capital

Beijing (Peking).

Population

7,336,000 (1998). The largest city in China, Shanghai's population is over 14 million and, as of 1997, 12 other cities had more than 2 million people and 22 cities had a population of 1-2 million.

Geography

Russia and Mongolia border China to the north; to the east Korea (Dem Rep), the Yellow Sea and the South China Sea; to the south Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos, , India, Nepal and Bhutan; and to the west by India, Afghanastan, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Kazakhstan. China has a varied terrain; from high plateaux in the west to flatlands in the east; mountains occupy almost 1/3 of the land. The most well known high mountain ranges are the Himalayas, the tian Shan mountains, the Altai Mountains, and the Kunlun Mountains. On the border with Nepal is the 8,848 metre-high (29,19 feet) Mount Qomolangma (Mount Everest). In the west is the Qinghai/Tibet Plateau, with an average elevation of 4,000 metres (13,200 feet), also known as ‘the Roof of the World’. At the base of the Tian Shan Mountains lies the Turpan Depression or Basin, China’s lowest region, the lowest point is 154 metre (508 feet) below sea level. China has quite a few great river systems, most notably the Yellow (Huang He) and Yangtze Kiang (Chang Jiang). Only 10% of all China is suitable for agriculture.

Government

People’s Republic.

China has 22 Provinces, 5 Autonomous Regions, 2 Special Administrative Regions and 4 Municipalities directly under Central Government control.

Head of State: President Hu Jintao (since 2003).

Head of Government: Premier Wen Jiabao since 2003. Jiang Zemin however maintains much actual power in China.

Language

The official language is Mandarin Chinese.

Among the huge number of local dialects, in the south large groups speak Cantonese, Xiamenhua, Hakka and Fukienese. Mongolia, Tibet and Xinjiang, which are all autonomous, have their own languages. Interpreter and translation are good. Many guides can speak English.

Religion

The main philosophies and religions are Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism.

There are 100 million Buddhists and about 60 million Muslims, 5 million Protestants (including many Evangelicals) and 4 million Roman Catholics, mostly independent of Vatican control.

Time

GMT + 8. Despite the vastness of the country, Beijing time is standard throughout China.

Electricity

220/240 volts AC, 50Hz. Two-pin sockets and some three-pin sockets are used.
Useful travel links
About China information about Chinese Art and Literature
China world fact book on China
China Today about China