| The National
People’s Congress (NPC) maintains the most power
and elects all those with the principal executive functions –
the President and Vice-President of
the People’s Republic, the Premier
and Vice-Premier of the State Council
(after selection by the president), additional members
of the State Council and the heads
of individual ministries.
The State Council reports to the NPC or, when the
Congress is not in session, to its Standing Committee.
The NPC takes place every 5 years
and attended by over 3,000 delegates drawn from the provincial administrations,
the military and other state organs.
The NPC membership and all major appointments fall
under the control of the Chinese
Communist Party, whose 22-member Politburo
is effectively the country’s governing body.