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Last updated : Nov 2009
India General Info
India General Information - TravelPuppy.com
Area

3,287,263 square kilometres (1,269,219 square miles).

Population

1,027,015,247 people (2001).

Population Density

324 people per square kilometre.

Capital

New Delhi.

Population of New Delhi: 13,782,976 (2001).

Geography

India shares borders to the north with China, Nepal and Bhutan, to the northwest with Pakistan, and to the east with Bangladesh and Myanmar. The Arabian Sea lies to the west, and to the east the Bay of Bengal and to the south the Indian Ocean. The Maldives lies off the southwest coast and Sri Lanka off the southeast coast. The far northeastern states and territories are all but divided from the rest of India by Bangladesh as it points northwards from the Bay of Bengal towards Bhutan. The Himalayan mountain range to the north and the Indus River (west) and Ganges River (east) form a natural barrier between India and the rest of Asia. India can be divided into 5 regions: Western, Northern (including Kashmir and Rajasthan), Central, Southern and Eastern.

Government

Republic since 1947.

Head of State : President APJ Abdul Kalam.

Head of Government : Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee since 1998.

Language

India’s official language is Hindi which is spoken by about 30% of the population; English is frequently used for official or business purposes. Also, 17 regional languages are recognized by the Constitution. These include Punjabi, Bengali, Gujati and Oriya, which are heavily spoken in the north, and Telegu and Tamal, which are common in the south. Other regional languages are Kannada, Marathi, and Malayalam. The Muslim population mainly speaks Urdu.

Religion

India is about 80% Hindu, 11% Muslim with Sikh, Christian, Jain and Buddhist minorities.

Time

Greenich Mean Time + 5.30.

Electricity

Mainly 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Some regions have a DC supply. Plugs are of the round 2- and 3-pin type.
Useful travel links
AboutIndia learn more about India
CIA Factbook-India information about geography, people & country map
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