Any person (including infants older than six months) arriving by
air or sea from an infected country must acquire a yellow fever
certificate. Those countries that are considered infected are all
African countries (except Botswana, Djibouti, Algeria, Egypt, Lesotho,
Eritrea, Libya, Malawi, Mauritania, Morocco, Namibia, Mozambique,
South Africa, Swaziland, Tunisia and Zimbabwe) and all South American
countries (except Chile, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay). When
a case of yellow fever is reported from any country, that country
is regarded by the Indian Government as being infected.
2. Following WHO guidelines issued in 1973, a cholera
vaccination certificate is not required to enter India. However,
cholera is a very serious risk in this country and precautions are
highly recommended. Current advice should be sought before deciding
whether these precautions should include getting a vaccination,
as medical opinion is divided over its effectiveness.
Poliomyelitis is widespread. Immunization is recommended.
4. Malaria risk exists, primarily in the benign
vivax form, throughout the year all over the country below
2,000 metres excluding parts of the states of Jammu and Kashmir,
Himachal Pradesh, and Sikkim. Resistance to chloroquine is reported
in the malignant falciparum form.
All water should be considered as being potentially
contaminated. Well water near the Ganges and in West Bengal may
show traces of arsenic chemical. Water for drinking, brushing teeth
or making ice should first be boiled or otherwise sterilized. Milk
isn't pasteurized and boiling is advised. Powdered or tinned milk
is available and is recommended, but should be reconstituted with
pure water. Avoid dairy products that are likely to have been produced
with un boiled milk. Only eat well-done meat and
fish, preferably served hot. Pork, salad and mayonnaise may carry
high risk. Fruit should be peeled and vegetables cooked.
leishmaniasis is prevalent in rural areas of eastern India.
Cutaneous leishmaniasis arises in Rajasthan. Filariasis
is common in all of India and sandfly fever is increasing.
An outbreak of plague occurred in 1994 and was controlled
by adequate government intervention.
fever is reported, as is typhus, also, outbreaks of haemorrhagic
dengue fever have arised in eastern India. Tick-borne haemorrhagic
fever has occurred in the forest areas in Karnataka State. Hepatitis
A and E are common and Hepatitis B is endemic.
Outbreaks of Japanese encephalitis occur, mainly in eastern
coastal areas. Meningococcal meningitis is present in Delhi
from November to May. Vaccination is recommended.
is present. For persons at high risk, vaccination prior to arrival
should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice quickly.
All visitors aged between 18 and 70 years old who wish to extend
their visa for 1 year or more are required to take an HIV test.
Health care facilities are limited and it's strongly recommended
for travellers to obtain full medical insurance prior to arrival
in India. It is recommended to bring specific medicines from the
UK. State-operated facilities are available in all towns and cities
and private consultants and specialists in urban areas.
On leaving India
Visitors leaving for countries, which have health restrictions on
arrivals from India, are required to posses of a valid certificate
of inoculation and vaccination.
|Useful travel links
||information about health care
regulations in India
|| Medical Advisory Services for Travellers
||ministry of health and family welfare-India
||all about jet lag. What is it and who gets
||the official web site of the World Health