Indonesia’s national falg carrier airlines are Garuda
Indonesia (GA) and Merpati Nusantara Airlines (MZ).
Major airlines that serve Indonesia include Singapore Airlines,
Air France, Qantas, Air India, Cathay Pacific, KLM, Emirates, Gulf
Air, Lufthansa, Japan Airlines and Thai Airways International.
Approximate flight times
London to Jakarta takes 20 hours 20 minutes and
to Bali is 22 hours 15 minutes (with good connections through Jakarta).
Los Angeles to Jakarta takes 24
hours 20 minutes.
New York to Jakarta takes 30 hours
via Europe or 31 hours via Los Angeles.
Singapore to Jakarta takes 1 hour
Sydney to Jakarta takes 7 hours
Jakarta (CGK) (Soekarno-Hatta) is 20 kilometres
or 12 miles northwest of the city and travel time is about 45 minutes.
Airport facilities include banks/bureaux de change,
duty free shops, a post office, gift shops, restaurants, car rental,
snack bars, medical and vaccination facilities.
A bus departs to the city centre every hour. Buses
depart Jakarta from Gambir railway station and from Rawamangun and
Blok M bus stations. Taxis are available from the
airport to the city centre. A bus shuttle goes to Jakarta’s
2nd airport, Halim Perdana Kusuma (HLP), 13 kilometres or 8 miles
southeast of the city and travel time is about 45 minutes.
Denpasar (DPS) (Ngurah Rai), 13 kilometres or 8
miles southwest of the city, is the main airport on Bali and travel
time is about 30 minutes. There are duty free shops at the airport.
A bus departs to the city centre. Taxis are widely available to
the city and to Logian, Kuta, Nusadua and Sanur.
Departure tax is charged at Rp 100,000 and infants under the age
of 2 are exempt.
Note: For a list of the
air and seaports which can be used to enter and exit Indonesia,
please see the Visa - Passport section.
International ports are detailed at the end of the Passport/Visa
section. High-speed ferries operate between Sumatra
and Malaysia. The routes are Medan–Penang
or Dumai–Melaka. There is also service
between Mandalo (Sulawesi) and the Philippines.
Cruise Lines: The following lines make infrequent
stops: Orient Lines, Crystal Cruises, Cunard, P&O, Norwegian,
Radisson Seven Seas and Royal Caribbean.
There is a daily rail and sea service between Belawan
and Penang (West Malaysia) operated by National
Railroad of Indonesia.
Indonesia’s international borders are between Kalimantan
and the Malaysian states of Sabah
and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, and Irian
Jaya and Papua New Guinea. There are
not any road links with Sabah. The few and badly maintained roads
to Sarawak are not recognised as gateways to Indonesia.