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Last updated : Nov 2009
Japan General Info
Japan General Information - TravelPuppy.com
Area

377,864 square kilometres (145,894 square miles).

Population

127,130,000 people (official estimate 2001).

Population Density

336.4 people per square kilometre.

Capital

Tokyo. Population

8,130,000 (official estimate 2000).

Geography

Japan is disconnected from the Asian mainland by 160 kilometres (100 miles) of sea. Approximately 70 % of the country is covered by mountains and hills, many of which are dormant or active volcanoes. A group of mountain ranges runs from northern Hokkaido to southern Kyushu. The Japanese Alps (the most prominent range) run north to south through central Honshu. The highest mountain is Mount Fuji at 3,776 metres (12,388 feet). Plains and lowlands are small and scattered, mainly lying along the coast and consisting of alluvial lowlands and diluvial uplands. The coastline is quite long in relation to the land area, and has varied features. The deeply indented bays with good natural harbours sit adjacent to mountainous terrain.

Government

Constitutional monarchy.

Head of State: Emperor Akihito since 1989.

Head of Government: Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi since 2001.

Language

The official language is Japanese. Some English is spoken in major cities.

Religion

Shintoism and Buddhism (most Japanese practice both religions) with a Christian minority. Although, In Okinawa, people believe in Niraikanai, the realm of the dead beyond the sea.

Time

GMT + 9.

Electricity

100 volts AC, 60Hz in the west (Osaka); 100 volts AC, 50Hz in eastern Japan and Tokyo. Plugs are the flat two-pin type,and light bulbs are screw-type.