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Last updated : Nov 2009
Laos Health
Laos Health - TravelPuppy.com
  Special Precautions Certificate Required
Yellow Fever No 1
Cholera Yes 2
Typhoid and Polio 3 N/A
Malaria 4 N/A
 
1) Travellers arriving within six days from infected areas need to have a yellow fever vaccination certificate.

2) According to WHO guidelines issued in 1973, a cholera vaccination certificate is not a requirement to enter Laos. However, cholera is a bad and dangerous threat and precautions are strongly advised. Current advice should be sought before deciding whether or not to receive a vaccination, as medical opinion is divided over its effectiveness. See the Health appendix.

3) Typhoid may exist. Poliovirus transmission has been controlled, but complete elimination is not yet certain.

4) Malaria risk is present all year in the whole country, apart from Vientiane. The malignant falciparum form is present and is reported to be highly resistant to chloroquine.

Food & drink

All water should be considered as being possibly contaminated. Water that used for drinking, making ice or brushing teeth should first be boiled or otherwise sterilized. Milk is not pasteurized, so it should be boiled. Powdered or tinned milk is available and is recommended; however, ensure that it is reconstituted with pure water.

Avoid dairy products that may have been produced from un-boiled milk. Only eat well-done meat and fish, ideally served hot. Pork, salad and mayonnaise may carry increased risk. Fruit should be peeled and vegetables cooked.

Other risks

Hepatitis A
and E exist; hepatitis B is extremely epidemic. Dengue fever, tuberculosis, diphtheria, and Japanese encephalitis also exist. Some vaccinations may be recommended.

Liver fluke (opisthorchiasis) is existing; avoid eating undercooked or raw fish.

Rabies
is also existing. For anyone at high risk, vaccination prior to arrival should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical attention immediately. For additional information, consult the Health appendix.

Health care

Any treatment is usually paid for in cash. Health insurance is critical and should include coverage for air evacuation.
Useful travel links
Health info-Laos information about health in Laos
No jet lag all about jet lag. What is it and who gets it
WHO the official web site of the World Health Organization