|1) A yellow fever
vaccination certificate is a requirement for anyone arriving from
infected areas. Residents and nationals of Myanmar must have
certificates of vaccination before travelling to an infected area.
2) Following WHO guidelines published in 1973, a cholera
vaccination certificate is no longer a requirement for entry to
Myanmar. However, cholera is still a serious threat in this country
and precautions are highly recommended. Current information should
be sought before deciding whether or not to receive a vaccination,
as medical opinion is divided over its effectiveness. For further
information, see the Health appendix.
3) Immunization against poliomyelitis and typhoid
is strongly recommended.
4) Malaria risk (mainly
in the malignant falciparum form) exists below 1,000 metres or 3,281 feet in
the areas listed below;
(a) Year round in Karen State.
(b) Between March and December in Kachin, Chin, Kayah, Mon, Rakhine
and Shan States, in Pegu Division, and in Hmawbi, Hlegu, and Taikkyi
townships of Yangon.
(c) Between April and December in rural regions of Tenasserim Division.
(d) Between May and December in rural regions of Mandalay Division.
(e) Between June and November in rural regions of Magwe Division and in Sagaing
Division. The falciparum strain is thought to be highly resistant
to chloroquine and resistant to sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine.
Food & drink
All water should be considered to be
for drinking, making ice or brushing teeth should first be
boiled or otherwise sterilized. Milk is not pasteurized
and must be boiled. Powdered or tinned milk is available and is
recommended; however, it should be reconstituted with pure water.
Avoid dairy products, which are usually produced from
un-boiled milk. Only eat well-done meat and fish, particularly served
hot. Pork, salad and mayonnaise may present increased risk. Fruit
should be peeled and vegetables cooked.
Diarrhea and amoebic and bacillery
dysentery and typhoid fever all commonly occur. Japanese
encephalitis can be caught from mosquito bites, especially in
rural regions from June through October. A vaccine is available, and
travellers should consult the doctor before their departure.
Filariasis and dengue fever also occur. Trachoma
is present. Hepatitis A, B and E is present.
Rabies is existing. For persons at high risk, vaccination
before arrival is recommended. If you are bitten, consult the doctor immediately. For additional information, see the Health appendix.
The WHO advises that foci of plague still occurs in the country.
More details should be sought from the Department of Health
or from any of the hospitals specializing in tropical diseases;
see the Health appendix.
Health insurance is highly advised.
There are clinics and hospitals in cities and larger towns, and
regional health centres in remote areas. It is a good idea to
take a remedy against minor enteric upsets.
|Useful travel links
|| Myanmar health profile
|| Medical Advisory Services for Travellers
||the official site of the World Health Organization