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Last updated : Nov 2009
Myanmar Health
Myanmar Health - TravelPuppy.com
  Special Precautions Certificate Required
Yellow Fever Yes 1
Cholera Yes 2
Typhoid and Polio 3 N/A
Malaria 4 N/A
 
1) A yellow fever vaccination certificate is a requirement for anyone arriving from infected areas. Residents and nationals of Myanmar must have certificates of vaccination before travelling to an infected area.

2) Following WHO guidelines published in 1973, a cholera vaccination certificate is no longer a requirement for entry to Myanmar. However, cholera is still a serious threat in this country and precautions are highly recommended. Current information should be sought before deciding whether or not to receive a vaccination, as medical opinion is divided over its effectiveness. For further information, see the Health appendix.

3) Immunization against poliomyelitis and typhoid is strongly recommended.

4) Malaria risk (mainly in the malignant falciparum form) exists below 1,000 metres or 3,281 feet in the areas listed below;

(a) Year round in Karen State.

(b) Between March and December in Kachin, Chin, Kayah, Mon, Rakhine and Shan States, in Pegu Division, and in Hmawbi, Hlegu, and Taikkyi townships of Yangon.

(c) Between April and December in rural regions of Tenasserim Division.

(d) Between May and December in rural regions of Mandalay Division.

(e) Between June and November in rural regions of Magwe Division and in Sagaing Division. The falciparum strain is thought to be highly resistant to chloroquine and resistant to sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine.

Food & drink

All water should be considered to be possibly contaminated. Water for drinking, making ice or brushing teeth should first be boiled or otherwise sterilized. Milk is not pasteurized and must be boiled. Powdered or tinned milk is available and is recommended; however, it should be reconstituted with pure water.

Avoid dairy products, which are usually produced from un-boiled milk. Only eat well-done meat and fish, particularly served hot. Pork, salad and mayonnaise may present increased risk. Fruit should be peeled and vegetables cooked.

Additional risks

Diarrhea and amoebic and bacillery dysentery and typhoid fever all commonly occur. Japanese encephalitis can be caught from mosquito bites, especially in rural regions from June through October. A vaccine is available, and travellers should consult the doctor before their departure.

Filariasis and dengue fever also occur. Trachoma is present. Hepatitis A, B and E is present.

Rabies is existing. For persons at high risk, vaccination before arrival is recommended. If you are bitten, consult the doctor immediately. For additional information, see the Health appendix. The WHO advises that foci of plague still occurs in the country. More details should be sought from the Department of Health or from any of the hospitals specializing in tropical diseases; see the Health appendix.

Health care

Health insurance is highly advised. There are clinics and hospitals in cities and larger towns, and regional health centres in remote areas. It is a good idea to take a remedy against minor enteric upsets.
Useful travel links
Health Myanmar Myanmar health profile
MASTA Medical Advisory Services for Travellers
WHO the official site of the World Health Organization