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Last updated : Nov 2009
Nepal Sports
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Trekking and Hiking

The trekking and hiking season is normally during September and May, but the ideal times to visit are from October to December and from March to April. The area outside cities and towns is rugged and the trails are loose, but trekking is one of the best ways to enjoy Nepal’s incredible landscape.

Various types of trips with different levels of difficulty can be organised. Some travel operators can reserve trekking packages ahead in collaboration with the Nepalese trekking companies. In Kathmandu, a good range of authorised trekking companies operate well organized treks. They come complete with guide, porters, cook, food, tents, sleeping bags, mattresses, transportation to and from the starting and finishing points, flight arrangements, permits and insurance. They also supply their clients with a selection of itineraries.

Trekking formalities

Trekkers do not need permits for the treks in the common areas which include the Everest, the Annapurna, the Langtang and Rara (assigned by the Department of Immigration). However, a permit is still needed for all other areas and it can be secured from the Department of Immigration, located at New Baneshwar, Kathmandu (see Passport/Visa section for additional information) or from trekking operators and tour companies.

Trekking to Kanchanjunga, Dolpa, Makalu and Upper Mustang can only be done through an authorised trekking company. Entrance fees of NRs500 to NRs2,000 per person per day will be charged for the national park areas and wildlife reserves. Children below ten are not charged. Higher fees are imposed for filming and helicopter landing permits. For more details, contact the Nepal Tourism Board (see Contact section).

Trekking advice

The following advice is offered to trekkers by the Nepal Tourism Board:

 Use only authorized guides and porters.

 Use caution with matches around wooded or grassy areas as forest fires can cause severe damage.

 Conserve all fuel, particularly local firewood (campfires are not advised).

 Use tour operators and lodges that do not use firewood; trekkers are sternly prohibited to cut any green forest reserve or kill any wildlife.

 Use toilet and washing facilities supplied or, if there are none available, be sure to stay at least 30 metres away from any water source.

 Use biodegradable products as much as possible; respect the local religious customs while visiting temples or Buddhist shrines (see Social Conventions in Social Profile section).

 Take precautions when suffering from altitude sickness (for additional information, see the Health section).


The authorities have discouraged females from trekking on their own. Some trekking companies, however, are now eager to provide service for female trekkers who can also hire female porters and guides.

Pony treks

In Nepal, ponies have been a mode of transportation for Nepalese citizens and materials for centuries and nowadays are widely used for trekking. Pony treks usually follow the same ways as general treks and are provided mainly in the western region around Pokhara, including the hinterlands of Lo Manthang and Dolpo.

Scenic flights

Most domestic airlines operate flights in small aircraft over Mount Everest. Flights are also arranged from Pokhara and other cities west of Kathmandu, flying over the amazing Annapurna mountain range.


Permits for climbing are required when scaling any mountain peaks in Nepal.

Permits can be acquired from:

Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation, Mountaineering Section
(telephone: (1) 247 037 or 256 228; fax: (1) 227 281)

Nepal Mountaineering Association (NMA)
(telephone: (1) 434 525; fax: (1) 434 578; e-mail: office@nma.com.np).

More information can be acquired from the Nepal Tourism Board (see Contact section).

River rafting

Rafting permits are no longer needed for the normal areas; however, to raft the Himalayan rivers, a permit can be requested from the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation (telephone: (1) 247 041; fax: (1) 434 578).


There are 4 golf courses in Nepal, 2 of which (the Til Ganga Golf Course and the Gokarna Golf Course) are in Kathmandu.

The other 2 are both in Pokhara (the Himalayan Golf Course and the Fulbari Resort Golf Course). More details are available at the Nepal Tourism Board (see Contact section).

Adventure sports

The possibility of adventure sports has not got away from the Nepalese authorities, and the Nepal Tourism Board is currently promoting many high-adrenaline activities that can be proceeded in the country’s incredible landscapes.

Hang-gliding and Ballooning are amongst the newest, since Kathmandu has opened its skies for commercial ballooning and this does give a chance to travellers to enjoy great aerial views of the city and its scenic settings.

Journeys to Mount Everest are quite limited but practicable. Hang-gliding, which uses an ultra-light, one-person glider, is hugely popular in Pokhara and in the Langtang regions.

Canyoning and Bungee jumping are also popular. Power paragliding and paragliding can be experienced in Pokhara.

The Nepal Yeti

The existence of the well-known and mysterious Nepal yeti, an enormous, gorilla-sized hairy snowman that eats sheep and yaks, is still questionable. Over a dozen of people, as well as the father of Tenzing Norgay (the 1st Sherpa to conquer the peaks of Mount Everest), claim to have seen the elusive Yeti.

Popular myth tells that those who had seen the creature got sick and died a couple of days later. For those wishing to see this abominable snowman, it is said that Yeti will appear around the Khumbu region in the foothills of Mount Everest.
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