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Last updated : Nov 2009
Czech Republic General Info
Czech Republic General Information - TravelPuppy.com
Area: 78,866 sq km or 30,450 sq miles.

Population: 10,241,138 (July 2005 est.)

Population Density: 130.5 per sq km.

Capital: Prague. Population: 1,178,576 (2001 est.).

Geography: The Czech Republic is located in central Europe, sharing frontiers with Germany, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Austria. About one-quarter of the size of the British Isles, the republic is picturesque, with historic castles, valleys and lakes, as well as excellent facilities to ‘take the waters’ at one of the many famous spas or to ski and hike in the mountains.

Among the most prettiest areas are the river valleys of the Vltava (Moldau) and Labe (Elbe), the landscape and rocky mountains. Bohemia, to the west, is one of two main regions. Besides Prague, the Czech capital, tourists flock to the spa towns of Karlovy Vary and Mariánské Lázne, and to the beautiful region of South Bohemia. The Elbe flows through eastern Bohemia from the Krkonoše/Giant mountains, one of the popular skiing regions. The eastern part, the agricultural area of Moravia offers wooded highlands, vineyards, folk art and castles. There are historic towns such as Olomouc, Kromeríz and Telc. Brno is Moravia’s administrative and cultural centre.

Government: Republic since 1993

Head of State:
President Václav Klaus since 2003.

Head of Government: Prime Minister Jiri Paroubek since 25 April 2005.

Language: The official language is Czech. English and German are also spoken.

Religion: Roman Catholic: Roman Catholic 26.8%, Protestant 2.1%, other 3.3%, unspecified 8.8%, unaffiliated 59% (2001 census) There is a community of approximately 15,000 Jews, mainly in Prague.

Time: Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) .GMT + 1 hour (GMT + 2 hours during the European/continental summertime).

Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Many major hotels have standard international two-pin razor plugs. Lamp fittings are normally of the screw type.
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CIA Factbook-Czech information on the geography, people & maps