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Last updated : Nov 2009
Finland General Info
Finland General Information - TravelPuppy.com
Capital: Helsinki.

Area: 338,145 sq km (130,559 sq miles).

Population of Finland: 5,206,295 (official estimate 2002)

Population of Helsinki: Population: 559,716 (official estimate 2002).

Population Density:
15.4 per sq km.

Geography: Finland is located in the far north of Europe. Bordered to the west by Sweden and the Gulf of Bothnia, to the north by Norway, to the east by the Russian Federation and to the south by the Gulf of Finland, it is the fifth-biggest country in Europe.

There are more than 30,000 islands off the Finnish coast, mainly in the south and southwest, and inland lakes containing a further 98,000 islands. The Saimaa lake area is the largest inland water system located in Europe. Of the total land area, 10 per cent is under water, and 65 per cent is forest, the country is situated almost entirely in the northern coniferous zone. In the south and southwest, the forest is mainly pine, birch and fir. In Lapland, in the far north, trees become more sparse and are mainly dwarf birch and only 8 per cent of the land is cultivated.

Government: Republic.

Head of State: President Tarja Halonen since 2000.

Head of Government: Prime Minister Matti Vanhanen since 2003. 

Language : There are 2 official languages: Finnish, spoken by 93.6 per cent of the population, and Swedish, spoken by 6 per cent of the population. About 1700 people speak Same (Lapp) and English is taught as the first foreign language in schools.

Religion : 85 per cent Evangelical Lutheran, 10 per cent others including Finnish Orthodox, Free Church, Baptists, Methodists, Roman Catholic, Jews and Muslims.

Time : GMT + 2 (GMT + 3 from last Saturday in March to Saturday before the last Sunday in October).

Electricity : 230 volts AC, 50Hz. Continental two-pin plugs are standard.
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