238,391 sq km (92,043 sq miles)
90.9 per sq km
Population of Bucharest
Romania is bordered to the north and east by Moldova and Ukraine,
the southeast by the Black Sea, the south by Bulgaria, the southwest
by Serbia and Montenegro and in the west by Hungary. The country
is divided into four geographical areas. Transylvania (a belt of
Alpine massifs and forests) and Moldavia make up the northern half
of the country, which is divided down the middle by the north–south
strip of the Carpathian Mountains. South of the east–west
line of the Carpathians lies the smooth Danube plain of Walachia
with the capital Bucharest, its border with Bulgaria being defined
by the course of the Danube. Romania’s coastline is along
the Black Sea, including the port of Constanta and the Danube Delta.
Democratic Republic since 1991.
Head of State:
President Traian Basescu since December 2004.
of Government: Outgoing Prime Minister Adrian Nastase.
Romanian is the official language. Some German and Hungarian are
spoken in border areas, while mainly French and some English are
spoken by those who are in the tourist industry.
83 per cent Romanian Orthodox, with Roman Catholic, Reformed/Lutheran,
Unitarian, Jewish and Muslimminorities.
GMT + 2 (GMT + 3 from last Sunday in March to Saturday before last
Sunday in October).
220 volts AC, 50Hz. Plugs are of the two-pin type.