Because of the security situation in the North Caucasus, it is advised not to travel to Chechyna, Dagestan, Ingushetia, North Ossetia, Karachai-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria (including the Elbrus area) and to the eastern and southern parts of Stavropol Krai, particularly where it borders Chechnya and North Ossetia. Chechen militants have threatened more violence in response to the killing of their rebel leader, Aslan Maskhador, on March 8 2005. It is advised that potential travellers monitor this situation. There is high threat from domestic terrorism in Russia, including suicide bombings in public places.
Russian International Airlines (SU) is the national airline.
Other airlines serving the Russian Federation include Air France, Austrian Airlines, British Airways, El Al, Finnair, Czech Airlines, Lufthansa and SAS Scandinavian Airlines.
Approximate flight times
From Moscow or St Petersburg to:
London is 3 hours 45 minutes
Moscow to Almaty is 4 hours 40 minutes
Baku is 3 hours 10 minutes
Bukhara is 3 hours 40 minutes
Kiev is 1 hour 45 minutes
Minsk is 1 hour 20 minutes
Odessa is 2 hours
Samarkand is 3 hours 50 minutes
Yerevan is 2 hours 50 minutes
(SVO) (Sheremetyevo) is 35km northwest of the city.
Taxis are available at the airport to the city centre for approximately US$10-15 (travel time – 30-40 minutes). ‘Autoline’ fixed route taxis and buses are also available. Express coaches depart for the city every 20 minutes (from 0545-0030). Coaches depart for the airport from the Central Air Terminal in Moscow, 37 Leningradsky Prospekt (travel time approximately 50 minutes for international flights). Express trains leave every thirty minutes.
Airport facilities include outgoing banks/bureaux de change, duty free shops,post office, car hire, restaurants and first aid. Moscow also has 3 primarily domestic airports.
St Petersburg (LED) (Pulkovo) is 17km south of the city.
Buses are available to the city centre 0700-2000hrs every 10 minutes (travel time – 10 minutes). Taxis are available for around US$10 (travel time – 15 minutes).
Airport facilities include flight information, duty free shops, restaurant, bar, snack bar, banks/bureaux de change, left luggage and first aid.
There are many connections from London. The sleeper coach to Moscow
takes around 53 hours. Main route is: London–Brussels–Cologne/Berlin–Moscow. The journey from London to Brussels can be made by various train and ferry services (including via Eurostar), or via the Channel Tunnel. Services from Brussels are regualr. There are through trains or coaches from other Western and Eastern European cities, from CIS countries, and from Iran, China (PR), Mongolia and Turkey.
Foreign tourists may drive their own cars or hire cars. Speed limits are 60kmph on minor roads, 90kmph on major roads and variable on highways. Road tax is payable upon entry to the country.
The following crossing points between Finland and the Russian Federation are available: Nuijamaa–Brusnichnoye; Vaalima–Torfianovska and Rajajooseppi–Lotta.
restrictionson cross-border travel to Azerbaijan and Georgia. Plans to simplify this process are underway.
entering by car should havetheir visas registered at the hotel, motel or campsite where they will stay for the first night, and should also ensure that the car registration number is recorded in the visa. Travellers must also insure their vehicle with Ingosstrakh, which has offices at all crossing points and in most major cities, and to purchase service coupons at the border.
motorcyclistscan enter the Russian Federation, cyclists wishing to cross the Russian border should check whether this is permissible from the Russian Embassy or their travel agent before departure.
Eurolines, that depart from Victoria Coach Station in London, serves destinations in the Russian Federation. For more detailed information, contact Eurolines (tel: (08705) 143 219; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).