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Last updated : Nov 2009
Russia Health
Russia Health - TravelPuppy.com
  Special Precautions Certificate Required
Yellow Fever No No
Cholera No No
Typhoid and Polio 1 N/A
Malaria No N/A
Food & drink

All water should be considered as being a potential health risk. Water used for brushing teeth, drinking or making ice should have first been boiled or otherwise sterilised. Contaminated tap water contains high prevalence of gastrointestinal infections. The water supply in St Petersburg has been linked to giardiasis.

Milk is pasteurised and dairy products are safe for ingestion. Eat only well-cooked meat and fish, preferably served hot. Pork, salad and mayonnaise might carry increased risk. Vegetables should be cooked and fruits should be peeled.

Other risks

Dysentery is quite common throughout the country.

Hepatitis A does occur.

Outbreaks of diphtheria have been reported. Consult doctors regarding inoculation before travelling to the Russian Federation.

Tick-borne typhus has been reported from the east and central Siberia. Tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease occurs in forested areas throughout the Russian Federation. Vaccination is, therefore, advisable.

Outbreaks of Japanese encephalitis has been reported from the southeast.

can also occur in the south.

Outbreaks of meningitis has been reported from Volgograd.

Rabies is present and increasing, and for those at high risk, vaccination before arrival must be considered. If bitten, seek medical advice without delay.


Visitors staying for more than 3 months must produce a certificate proving they are HIV-negative. Certification requirements are exacting and detailed; a medical examination may also be required. Foreign tests may be acceptable under certain conditions, kindly check details with the embassy.

Health care

The highly developed health service provides medical treatment free of charge for all citizens. If a traveller is ill during a booked tour, emergency treatment is free, with small sums to be paid for medicines and hospital treatment. If a longer stay than originally planned becomes necessary because of the illness, the visitor must pay for all further treatment. This could be very expensive; air evacuation can cost up to £80,000.

All visitors are strongly advised to have full medical cover that includes medical evacuation as well. It is also advisable to take a supply of medicines that are likely to be required (check first if they may be imported legally). A reciprocal health care agreement is in operation between the UK and the Russian Federation, allowing citizens to receive treatment free of charge. Private medical care can be quite expensive.
Useful travel links
CDC official site of the US Centers for Disease Control
MASTA the Medical Advisory Services for Travellers
SOS international SOS
No jet lag all about jet lag. What is it who gets it
WHO the official site of the World Health Organization