The biggest industrial centre of eastern Siberia and an important transport junction is located on the Amur. The town founded in 1858, was named after the scientist Khabarov. The red brick houses in the centre have curious roofs shaped like pine needles, and are intermingled with the constructivist architecture of 1930s. Worth visting is the regional museum, which offers an insight into the different cultures of the Amur people.
A military and naval port, Vladivostok was opened to foreign visitors in the year 1990. As a gateway to the Pacific and the East, the city has huge commercial potential. It is within easy reach of the Ussuriysk taiga, a unique habitat for plants of the pre-glacial period, as well as leopard, tigers, bison, boar and bears.