Yaroslavl lies on the banks of the Volga, and contains a host of very old churches, most notably the Transfiguration of the Saviour Cathedral, built in the early 16th century.
Kostroma stands at the confluence of the Volga and the River Kostroma. It is a famous cheese-making centre. Its most remarkable building is the Ipatievski Monastery-Fortress. Built during the first half of the 14th century, it became the Romanovs’ residence 3 centuries later. The open-air museum features a collection of traditional Russian buildings, including wooden churches, windmills and log cabins brought from all over the Russian Federation.