A yellow fever vaccination certificate
is required from travellers arriving from infected areas.
A vaccination against Typhoid is sensible and advised.
There is a limited malaria
risk, mainly in the malignant falciparum form, exists throughout
the year in the whole country except at the high altitude areas
of Asir Province, and in certain rural areas of the Western Province.
There is not a risk in Mecca or Medina. Resistance to chloroquine
has been accounted. The recommended prophylaxis is chloroquine
plus proguanil. Cerebral Malaria has also occurred, but exclusively
in the Jizan region.
Medical facilities are mainly of a high standard,
however treatment is expensive. Health insurance is vital.
Food and Drink
All water should be considered possibly contaminated.
Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should have
1st been boiled or otherwise sterilised.
Milk is unpasteurised and should be boiled before
drinking. Powdered or tinned milk is available and is advised,
however make sure that it is reconstituted with pure water. Avoid
dairy products which are expected
to have been made from un boiled milk.
Only eat well cooked fish and meat,
preferably served hot. Salad and mayonnaise could carry increased
risk. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit should
Bilharzia (or schistosomiasis) is present. Please avoid
swimming and paddling in fresh water, swimming pools which are
well chlorinated and maintained are safe enough.
Hepatitis A is common and hepatitis B
is widespread. Visceral leishmaniasis occurs
in the south west of Saudi Arabia. Cases of Rift
Valley Fever have been accounted,
mostly in the Jizan area.
Rabies is present, and for those at high risk,
vaccination before arrival should be considered. If you are bitten,
please seek medical advice without delay.