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Last updated : Nov 2009
Sweden General Info
Sweden General Information -

449,964 square kilometres (173,732 square miles)


8,975,670 (the 2003 official estimate)

Population Density

19.9 people per square kilometre




Some key geographical facts:

Sweden is bordered by Finland to the northeast and Norway to the west.

 A long Baltic coast borders the south and east parts of Sweden.

 Approximately half of Sweden is forested.

 There are many thousands of lakes, most of these are located in the southern central area.

 The largest lake is Vänern, with an area of 5,540 square kilometres (which is 2140 square miles).

 To the north of Swedish Lapland the land is mountainous, and extends into the Arctic Circle.


Sweden has a Constitutional monarchy. The country gained independence from Denmark in 1523.

The Head of State is King Carl XVI since 1973.

The Head of Government is Prime Minister Göran Persson since 1996.


The main language spoken is Swedish, however Lapp is spoken by the Sámi population in the north.

There are also Finnish speaking minorities and English is taught as the 1st foreign language from the age of 9.


Around 86% of the population belong to the Church of Sweden (which is Evangelical Lutheran), separated from the state in January 2000.

Other Protestant minorities make up the majority of the remainder.

Time Zone

Greenich Mean Time (GMT) + 1 (Greenich Mean Time + 2 from the last Sunday in March to the Saturday before the last Sunday in October).


230 volts, 3 phase AC, 50Hz.

2 pin continental plugs are used.
Useful travel links
CIA Factbook - sweden information on the geography, people & maps