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Last updated : Nov 2009
Turkey General Info
Turkey General Information - TravelPuppy.com
Area

779,452 sq km (300,948 sq miles)

Population

69,757,000 (official estimate 2002)

Population Density

89.5 per sq km

Capital

Ankara

Population of Ankara

3,208,000 (official estimate 2002)

Geography

Turkey borders Georgia and the Black Sea and Armenia to the northeast, Iran to the east, Iraq to the southeast, Mediterranean and the Syrian Arab Republic to the south, the Aegean Sea to the west and Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest. Asia Minor (or Anatolia) accounts for 97 % of the country and forms a long, wide peninsula 1650km (1025 miles) from east to west and 650km (400 miles) from north to south. Two east-west mountain ranges, the Black Sea Mountains in the north and the Taurus in the south, surround the central Anatolian plateau, but converge in a vast mountainous region in the far east of the country. It is here that the ancient Tigris and Euphrates rivers rise.

Government

Republic since 1923.

Head of State: President Ahmet Necdet Sezer since 2000.

Head of Government: Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan since 2003.

Language

Turkish.

Kurdish is also spoken by a minority in the southeast. German, French and English are widely spoken in cities and tourist areas.

Religion

Muslim with a small Christian minority. Turkey is a secular state which assures complete freedom of worship to non-Muslims.

Time Zone

GMT + 2 (GMT + 3 from last Sunday in March to Saturday before last Sunday in October).

Electricity

220 volts AC, 50Hz.
Useful travel links
Introduction to Turkey A brief introduction to Turkey
World Fact Book Information on Turkey