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Last updated : Nov 2009
Turkey Getting There - International Travel
Turkey International Travel - TravelPuppy.com
Note

There is a high risk of terrorism in Turkey. There have been numerous small-scale terrorist incidents since the bomb attacks in Istanbul on 15 and 20 November 2003, which caused a large number of deaths and casualties. Extra care is required on the part of visitors, especially in the vicinity of potential terrorist targets. Past examples have included sites that symbolise Western (including UK) interests and symbols of the Turkish State.
Turkey's national airline is Turkish Airlines (TK).

Air

Other airlines serving Turkey include Austrian Airlines, Lufthansa and Swiss.

Approximate flight times

Approximate times are as follows:

From Istanbul to:
  • Frankfurt/M is two hours 45 minutes
• London is three hours 30 minutes
• New York is 11 hours
International airports

Ankara (ESB) (Esenboga) is 35 kilometers (22 miles) northeast of the city. THY buses go from the city 1 hour 30 minutes before domestic flights and 2 hours 15 minutes before international flights. There is a taxi service available into the city. Airport facilities consist of incoming and outgoing duty free shops, bank/bureau de change, and restaurants and bars.

Istanbul (IST) (Atatürk, formerly Yesilkoy) is 24 kilometers(15 miles) west of the city (travel time - 30 to 50 minutes). A coach (THY bus) goes every 15 minutes to the THY terminal. There are taxi services to the city. Airport facilities consist of incoming and outgoing duty free shop, bank/bureau de change, bar, restaurant, and car hire (Avis, Budget, Hertz and Europcar).

Izmir (IZM) (Adnan Menderes). A THY bus leaves from the city 1 hour 15 minutes before departure. Airport facilities consists of bank/bureau de change, bar and restaurant.

Sabiha Gökçen (SAW) is 40 kilometers(25 miles) from Istanbul, on the Asian side. There are shuttle bus services to the city (travel time - 30 to 45 minutes) and to Atatürk International Airport (travel time - 60 to 70 minutes). Taxis are available 24 hours a day. Facilities consist of duty free shops, bank, ATMs, business centre and restaurants/cafes.

There are other international airports at Antalya, Adana, Dalaman and Trabzon.

Departure tax

US$50 is charged only on Turkish nationals, not resident overseas departing from Turkey.

Sea

Main ports are Antalya, Bandirma, Izmir, Istanbul, Marmaris and Mersin. Turkish Maritime Lines (TML), the national shipping organisation, and a number of cruise lines run services to Turkey, including: CTC, Costa, Epirotiki, Golden Sun Cruises, 'K' Lines, Norwegian, Linblad Expeditions and Royal Olympic.

Several ferry routes are available:

To/from Italy: Ferries operate between Venice- Izmir, Venice-Antalya/Marmaris, Venice-Istanbul via Pireaus, and Brindisi-Cesme. To/from Cyprus: Three routes exist on which sea buses, together with car and passenger ferries, operate: Alanya-Girne, Tasucu-Girne and Gazimagosa- Mersin. To/from Greece: There are privately operated ferry lines between Turkey and the Greek islands: Lesbos-Ayvalik, Chios-Cesme, Samos-Kusadasi, Cos-Bodrum, Rhodes- Marmaris, and Sömbeki-Datça.

Note

All ships, including private yachts, arriving in Turkish waters must go to one of the following ports of entry: Anamur, Alanya, Akcay, Ayvalik, Antalya, Bodrum, Bandirma, Botas (Adana), Cesme, Canakkale, Datca, Derince, Dikili, Didim, Fethiye, Finike, Güllük, Giresun, Hopa (Artvin), Iskenderun, Izmir, Istanbul, Kas, Kusadasi, Kemer, Mersin, Marmaris, Ordu, Rize, Samsun, Söke, Sinop, Tasucu (Silifke), Trabzon, Tekirdag and Zonguldak.

Rail

Train journeys can be made to Istanbul via some of the major European cities. The journey from London takes 3 days: Eurostar to Paris, Orient Express or EuroCity to Vienna (overnight), EuroCity to Budapest and finally the TransBalkan to Istanbul. There is a weekly sleeper from Moscow. InterRail tickets are available in the European part of Turkey as far as Istanbul. Other international rail routes go to Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Germany and Serbia and Montenegro. For more information contact Turkish Railways (TCDD) in Istanbul (tel: (212) 527 0050/1 or 520 6575 (reservations)).

Road

There are roads from Bulgaria, the CIS, Iran and Greece. From London, drivers may either choose the northern route of Belgium-Germany-Austria-Hungary-Romania-Bulgaria, or the southern route through Belgium-Austria-Italy with a car-ferry connection to Turkey.

Coach: There are regular services between Turkey and Austria, Germany, France, Greece and Switzerland, as well as Iran, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the Syrian Arab Republic. Eurolines, departing from Victoria Coach Station in London, serves destinations in Turkey. For further information, contact Eurolines (tel: (08705) 143 219; e-mail: welcome@eurolines.co.uk).
Useful travel links
Antalya Havalimani Airport Turkey airport information
Atatürk International Airport about airport in Turkey
Sabiha Gökçen Airport information on airport