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Last updated : Nov 2009
UAE General Info
UAE General Information - TravelPuppy.com
Area: 77,700 sq km or 30,000 square miles.

Population: 2,724,000 (1998).

Population Density: 35.1 per sq km.

Capital: Abu Dhabi. Population: 398,695 (1995).

Geography: The Emirates are bordered to the north by the Gulf and the Musandam Peninsula. To the east by Oman and to the south and west by Saudi Arabia and to the northwest by Qatar. They are comprised by a federation of seven small former sheikhdoms. Abu Dhabi being the largest Emirate and followed by Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Fujairah, Umm al Qaiwain and Ras al- Khaimah are known collectively as the Northern States. The land is mountainous and largely desert. Abu Dhabi is sandy and flat and inside its border is the Buraimi Oasis. Dubai with its 16km (10-mile) deep-water creek, gives it the popular name of ‘Pearl of the Gulf’. Sharjah has a deep water port on coast of Batinah at Khor Fakkan, on the Indian Ocean. Ras al-Khaimah is the fourth in size. Fujairah, one of the three smaller sheikhdoms is located on the Batinah coast and has agricultural potential. Ajman and Umm al Qaiwain were once small coastal fishing villages.

Government: Federation of seven autonomous Emirates.

Head of State: Sheikh Zâyid Bin Sultân An-Nahyân (Emir of Abu Dhabi) since 1971.

Head of Government: Vice President Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al-Maktoum (Emir of Dubai) since 1979.

Language: Arabic is the official language and English is widely spoken.

Religion: Majority Muslim, 16 per cent are Shiite and the remainder Sunni.

Time: GMT + 4 hours.

Electricity: 220/240 volts AC, 50Hz. Square three-pin plugs are widespread.